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Jan
30

Gits 2012 # – Crypto 400

files running at hellothere.final2012.ghostintheshellcode.com

Summary: MITM attack

Here we have server and client source, both with bind sockets. It’s rather suspisious.

The scheme

The scheme is modified Diffie-Hellman:

We know only g and p.
r,s,t are random in each session.
h is known both to server and client.

server -> client: g^r % p, g^s % p
client -> server: (g^r)^h % p, g^t % p
server checks inputs, and generates shared key = (g^r)^h * (g^t)^s % p = g^(r*h+s*t) % p.

MITM attack

So, there are two ports: 9998 for server and 9999 for client. Let’s realize MITM attack:

  • Get g^r % p, g^s % p from server, and held the connect.
  • Send them both to client, and get right numbers

Now, if we send these two numbers to the server, we won’t be able to calculate the shared key – we can’t calculate g^(s*t) % p part. Let’s look into checking code:

(ans,d)=self.recv(2)
if(ans==pow(entA,r,field)):
	#print "Authenticated"
	key=(entA*pow(d,s,field))%field # < - - - - - -
	calcIv= hashlib.sha256()
	calcIv.update(hex(key))
	calcKey= hashlib.sha512()
	calcKey.update(hex(key))
	enc=AES.new(calcKey.digest()[0:32],2,calcIv.digest()[:16])
 
	self.request.sendall(enc.encrypt(winningKey))

We can fool the server! It only checks the first number (ans), the second (d) can be everything. Well, we can put 0 – then the key will be 0, so it will be easy to decrypt the message. Also 1 is a case (then the key is just first number from client):

SERV = sock("hellothere.final2012.ghostintheshellcode.com", 9998)
CLI = sock("hellothere.final2012.ghostintheshellcode.com", 9999)
 
gr, gs = recv(SERV, 2)
 
send(CLI, gr, gs)
ghr, gt = recv(CLI, 2)
 
send(SERV, ghr, 0)
 
cipher = SERV.recv(4096)
 
key = long(0)  # it will has 'long' type after computations
calcIv= hashlib.sha256()
calcIv.update(hex(key))
calcKey= hashlib.sha512()
calcKey.update(hex(key))
enc=AES.new(calcKey.digest()[0:32],2,calcIv.digest()[:16])
print enc.decrypt(cipher)

The flag: __It’s Better left unread__

1 comment

  1. rockosov says:

    Awesome! But I was very close…

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